The Complete Guide to Vegan and Cruelty-Free Fabrics

Purchasing clothes and furniture that use vegan fabrics is a great way to support your vegan lifestyle and encourage brands to stock more vegan products. But although more brands than ever are stocking vegan and cruelty-free products, they don’t always label them as such.

Finding out whether a fabric is vegan or not is easy – we’ve listed 150 fabrics below, given a brief description, and stated whether they are vegan or not. We’ve worked hard to make this the most useful source for information on cruelty-free fabrics on the internet, but we still recommend you check the label and, if necessary ask the manufacturer for more information.

Fabric Vegan or Not? Description More Info
Aba Not Vegan Aba is a course felted fabric woven from goat and/or camel hair.
Acrylic Vegan Acrylic is a synthetic fabric made from a polymer called acrylonitrile.
Aertex Vegan Aertex is a trademark for a brand of loose-weave cotton fabric. 
Alpaca Not Vegan Alpaca fiber is derived from alpaca hair. It is warmer than wool, water-resistant, and hypoallergenic.
Angora Not Vegan Angora fiber is woven from hair of the angora rabbit. Silky and soft.
Baize Depends Baize is a felt-like material used for covering snooker and pool tables. Typically a wool/cotton blend.
Bamboo Vegan Bamboo cellulose is used to make all types of rayon, including viscose, modal, and lyocell. These materials are semi-synthetic and require a large amount of chemicals to create.
Batiste Vegan Batiste, also known as Cambric or Chambray, is a lightweight cotton (or linen) fabric used for linings, lingerie, and handkerchiefs. Vegan.
Broadcloth Depends Broadcloth is a dense cloth historically made of wool, but in a modern context more likely to be cotton or cotton blend.
Brocade Depends Brocade is a rich, thick fabric with an elaborate raised design. Normally silk, but synthetic alternatives are available.
Fabric Vegan or Not? Description More Info
Buckram Vegan Buckram is a stiff cotton or linen cloth. Used for bookbinding, hats, and in clothing.
Bunting (or Bunt) Depends Bunting is traditionally made from a lightweight wool, but alternative materials include plastic, synthetic fabrics, and paper.
Calico Vegan Calico is a cheap, plain-woven textile made from unbleached cotton. Often, the cotton has not been fully-processed.
Cambric Vegan Cambric, also known as Chambray or Batiste, is a lightweight cotton (or linen) fabric used for linings, lingerie, and handkerchiefs. Vegan.
Camelhair Not Vegan Camelhair is fiber or cloth made from the hair of a camel. Often blended with other fibers, including wool.
Camlet (or Camelot, Camblet) Not Vegan Camlet is a woven fabric traditionally made of camel or goat's hair. Later made from blends of goat's hair and silk, or of wool and cotton.
Canvas Vegan Canvas is a course and durable plain-woven fabric  traditionally made from hemp, but now typically made from cotton, linen or PVC.
Cashmere Not Vegan Cashmere is a soft and silky fiber harvested from cashmere, pashmina, and other types of goats.
Challis Depends Challis is a lightweight woven fabric. It can be made from cotton, silk, or wool (or often a blend), but is now sometimes produced from man-made fabrics, such as rayon.
Chambray (or Cambric) Vegan Chambray, also known as Cambric or Batiste, is a lightweight cotton (or linen) fabric used for linings, lingerie, and handkerchiefs. Vegan.
Fabric Vegan or Not? Description More Info
Chenille Depends Chenille is a heavy woven fabric typically manufactured from cotton or synthetic yarns, sometimes mixed with wool or silk.

Full Article - Is Chenille Vegan?

Chiffon Depends Chiffon is a lightweight and sheer fabric. Can be made from cotton, silk, or synthetic fibers.

Full Article - Is Chiffon Vegan?

Chino Vegan Chino is a twill fabric. It is typically made from either 100% cotton or cotton-synthetic blend. Vegan.
Chintz Vegan Chintz is a brightly printed and glazed cotton fabric.
Cord (or Corduroy) Vegan Cord, or Corduoroy, is a textile made from twisted fibers that have been woven into a distinctive cord pattern. Normally made from cotton.
Cork Vegan Cork is made the soft bark of some kinds of oak tree.
Cotton Vegan Cotton is made from fibers that surround the seeds of the cotton plant. It is used as both a textile fiber and as a thread for sewing.

Full Article - Is Cotton Vegan?

Cotton flannel (or Canton flannel) Depends Cotton flannel is a stout cotton fabric with nap on one side only
Crepe (or Crape, or Crepe de Chine) Depends Crepe, or Crape, is a soft woven fabric. Originally made from carded wool or worsted yarn, modern crepe is normally either wool, cotton, or synthetic.
Cretonne Vegan Cretonne is a heavy cotton fabric used for upholstery. Typically printed with a floral pattern.
Fabric Vegan or Not? Description More Info
Damask Depends Damask is a woven fabric with an ornate and intricate pattern. It can be made from silk, wool, linen, cotton, or synthetic fibers.
Denim (or Jean) Vegan Denim is a durable cotton textile with distinctive diagonal ribbing. Denim itself is vegan, but jeans sometimes aren't due to leather patches.

Full Article - Is Denim Vegan?

Dimity Vegan Dimity is a sheer cotton fabric woven with raised stripes or checks. Hard-wearing.
Doeskin Not Vegan Doeskin is leather made from the skin of a female deer.
Down Not Vegan Down refers to fine feathers taken from birds, normally domestic geese.
Duck (or Duck Cloth, or Duck Canvas) Vegan Duck is a heavy woven cotton cotton fabric which can be used for both clothing and tents.
Duffel (or Duffle) Not Vegan Duffel is a coarse heavy woolen fabric used for both bags and clothing, particularly coats.
Elastane Vegan Elastane is a synthetic fiber that is stronger and more durable than rubber, while still retaining exceptional elasticity.

Full Article - Is Elastane Vegan?

Elastic Vegan Elastic is a flexible stretchable fabric, typically cotton, nylon or polyester, made with interwoven strands of rubber or elastane.
Etamine (or Etamin) Depends Etamine is a soft, loosely woven fabric with a slight sheen. Can be made from cotton or wool.
Fabric Vegan or Not? Description More Info
Faille Depends Faille is a shiny, closely-woven fabric characterized by slight ribs in the weft. Can be made from silk, rayon, or cotton.
Faux-Leather (Leatherette, Vinyl, or Polyurethane) Vegan Faux-leather is a synthetic fabric that replicates the look of real leather.
Felt Depends Felt is hair, wool or synthetic fiver that has been matted and pressed together to create a thick, strong material. Traditionally not vegan but can be made with synthetics.

Full Article - Is Felt Vegan?

Flannel Depends Flannel is a soft woven fabric that can be made from wool, cotton, or synthetic fibers.

Full Article - Is Flannel Vegan?

Flannelette Vegan Flannelett is a light cotton fabric that has been designed to imitate flannel.
Fleece Vegan Fleece and microfleece are made from PET, a plastic. Not to be confused with the fleece of a sheep or goat.

Full Article - Fleece Vegan?

Foulard Not Vegan Foulard is a lightweight fabric made of silk or a silk/cotton blend. Can be either twill or plain-woven, usually made with a printed design.
Frieze Not Vegan Frieze is a heavy woolen fabric with a long nap.
Fustian Vegan Fustian is a cotton and linen fabric. Strong, with a short nap, it is usally dyed in dark colors.
Gabardine Depends Gabardine is a tough fabric with a tight weave. Traditionally worsted wool, but can be cotton, polyester, or a blend. Used for suits, overcoats, uniforms.
Fabric Vegan or Not? Description More Info
Georgette Not Vegan Georgette is a sheer, lightweight silk material used predominantly in dressmaking.
Gingham Vegan Gingham is a lightweight plain-woven cotton cloth. Typically produced in a check design mixing white with a bolder color.
Grogram Not Vegan Grogram is made from a mix of silk and wool.
Grosgrain Depends Grosgrain is a corded fabric or ribbon characterized by a weft that is heavier than its wrap. Traditionally wool, silk, or a blend, but can also be made from nylon.
Haircloth (or Horsehair) Not Vegan Haircloth is a stiff fabric made from horse hair or camel hair.
Hemp Vegan Hemp is a tough fiber harvested from the cannabis plant.
Horsehair (or Haircloth) Not Vegan Horsehair is a stiff fabric made from horse hair or camel hair.
Jersey Depends Jersey is a kntted fabric originally made using wool, but now sometimes made with cotton or synthetic fibers instead.
Khaki Vegan Khaki is a strong twilled cloth usually made from cotton and linen.
Lace Depends Lace is a beautiful delicate fabric with an open weblike pattern. Traditionally made out of silk, but modern lace is often synthetic.

Full Article - Is Lace Vegan?

Fabric Vegan or Not? Description More Info
Lame Vegan Lame is a fabric made using a mix of one material (often synthetic) with thin metallic fibers to create a shiny, metallic-looking fabric.
Leather Not Vegan Leather is made by tanning animal (often cow) skin. Strong and flexible.
Leatherette (or Imitation leather) Vegan Leatherette is an imitation leather made from paper, cloth, synthetics, or other materials.
Linen Vegan Linen is made from the fibers of the flax plant. Cool and fresh in hot weather.
Linsey-woolsey Not Vegan Linsey-woolsey is a strong and coarse fabric made with a linen (sometimes cotton) warp and a woolen weft.
Lint Vegan Lint is a linen or cotton fabric with a raised nap on one side. Commonly used to make bandages.
Lisle Vegan Lisle is a fine fabric made from lisle yarn, (a strong, high-twisted yarn made of cotton).
Lyocell Vegan Lyocell is a type of Rayon made using the Lyocell process. It is a semi-synthetic fabric made using wood or bamboo cellulose.
Mackinaw Not Vegan Mackinaw is a felted woolen cloth with a heavy nap, often produced with a plaid design.
Mackintosh (or Macintosh) Vegan Mackintosh is a lightweight waterproof fabric, usually rubberized.
Fabric Vegan or Not? Description More Info
Madras Vegan Madras is a lightweight fabric made from cotton. It typically has a patterned texture and a plaid design. Ideal for summer clothing.
Marseille Vegan Marseille is a strong cotton fabric. It has a raised pattern and is used for bedspreads.
Mesh Vegan Mesh is material that resembles a net due to a large number of closely-spaced holes. Typically made of nylon or polyester.

Full Article - Is Mesh Vegan?

Microfiber Vegan Microfiber is a very fine synthetic yarn.
Modal Vegan Modal is a type of Rayon. It is a semi-synthetic fiber made out of tree or bamboo cellulose. Used alone or sometimes blended (often with cotton).

Full Article - Is Modal Vegan?

Mohair Not Vegan Mohair is a silky fabric made from the hair of the Angora goat.
Moire (or Watered-silk) Depends Moire is a fabric with a wavy (or watered) appearance. Traditionally made from silk, it is sometimes made from wool, cotton, or rayon.
Moleskin Vegan Moleskin is a durable cotton fabric with a velvety nap. It is not made from moles.

Full Article - Is Moleskin Vegan?

Monk's cloth Vegan Monk's cloth is a heavy cloth made from cotton with a basket weave.
Moquette Vegan Moquette is a synthetic fabric. It is thick and velvety and is normally used for carpets and soft upholstery.
Fabric Vegan or Not? Description More Info
Moreen Depends Moquette is a synthetic fabric. It is thick and velvety and is normally used for carpets and soft upholstery.
Mousseline de soie Depends Mousseline de soie (literally: muslin of silk) is a thin, gauze-like fabric. Traditionally silk, but could be made from rayon or other materials.
Muslin Vegan Muslin is a loose plain weave cotton fabric.
Nankeen Vegan Nankeen is a pale yellow cotton cloth.
Neoprene Vegan Neoprene is a synthetic alternative to rubber.

Full Article - Is Neoprene Vegan?

Ninon Depends Ninon is a sheer fabric with a plain weave used in dresses, scarves, and eveningwear. Traditionally made from silk, it can now also be made with synthetic fibers.
Nylon Vegan Nylon is a synthetic polymer made from materials derived from petroleum.
Oilcloth Vegan Oilcloth refers to a cloth treated on one side with a drying oil or synthetic resin.
Organdie (or Organdy) Vegan Organidie is a sheer stiff muslin.
Organza Depends Organza is a sheer fabric with a thin plain weave. Traditionally made from silk, but can also be made out of polyester or nylon.
Fabric Vegan or Not? Description More Info
Orlon Vegan Orlon is a brand name for first acrylic fibers created by DuPont.
Paisley Depends Paisley is a pattern of colorful swirled curved shapes. Traditional paisley likely to be on wool and silk, but can be used on other fabrics.
Percale Vegan Percale is a closely-woven cotton fabric used to make bed covers.
PET (or PETE) Vegan PET, or polyethylene terephthalate, is a plastic. When used in fashion is is normally called polyester.
Pilot Cloth Vegan Pilot cloth is a heavy woolen material with a thicknap. Used for seamen's uniforms.
Pique Vegan Pique is a weaving style characterized by fine ribbing. Normally used with cotton yarn.
Plush Depends Plush is a term used to describe fabric with a piler higher than ⅛ inch (0.3 cm).
Polar Fleece (or Polar Wool) Vegan Polar fleece is a highly-insulating fabric with a soft nap. Made from synthetics such as polyester.
Polyester Vegan Polyester is category of synthetic fibers. The Most common is PET.
Pongee Not Vegan Pongee is a soft thin cloth woven from raw silk.
Fabric Vegan or Not? Description More Info
Poplin (or Tabinet) Depends Poplin has a tight weave and a distinctive ribbed texture. Typically made of cotton, but can be wool or silk.
Prima Loft Vegan Prima Loft is a brand of synthetic insulating materials developed for the US Army in the 1980s.
Ramie Vegan Ramie is a natural fiber made from the stalks of the Chinese Nettle plant. It is similar to linen, and has been used for fabric for more than 5,000 years.
Rayon Vegan Rayon is a semi-synthetic fiber made by chemically treating tree and bamboo cellulose.
Rep (or Repp) Depends Rep (from the Latin for 'rib') is a fabric with horizontal ribs. Can be made from silk, wool, or cotton.
Russet Not Vegan Russet is a coarse gray, brown, or reddish-brown cloth. It is made of wool and dyed with wood and madder (a red dye).
Sailcloth Vegan Sailcloth is any fabric used for boat sails. Could be cotton, nylon, or Dacron.
Samite Not Vegan Samite is a luxurious heavy silk fabric which often has silver or gold threads woven into it.
Sarcenet Not Vegan Sarcenet is a fine soft silk fabric from Italy.
Sateen Vegan Sateen is a cotton (or sometimes rayon) fabric with a satiny finish.
Fabric Vegan or Not? Description More Info
Satin Depends Satin is a smooth fabric with a glossy surface. Uses fibers such as silk, nylon, or polyester.
Scrim Vegan Scrim is a lightweight woven fabric used in curtains, bookbinding, and upholstery. May also refer to a heavier reinforcement material used art, building, and canvas making. Made from cotton or flax.
Seersucker Vegan Seersucker is a light fabric normally made of cotton with alternating rough and smooth stripes.
Serge Not Vegan Serge is a twilled woolen fabric made with a two-up, two-down weave.
Shag Depends Shag refers to a fabric with a deep pile. Typically used in reference to rugs or carpets.
Shagreen Not Vegan Shagreen is a type of leather made from rough, untanned skin. Often shark or ray.
Shantung Not Vegan Shantung is a silk plane weight fabric often used for bridal gowns.
Sharkskin Depends Sharkskin is a worsted fabric with a two-toned appearance. Traditionally made from wool, mohair, or silk, but can also be made using rayon. Could also refer to an actual sharkskin (not vegan!).
Sheepskin Not Vegan Sheepskin is a sheep's hide which has been tanned with the fleece still attached.
Silesia Vegan Silesia is a twilled cotton fabric used for pockets and linings.
Fabric Vegan or Not? Description More Info
Silk Not Vegan Silk is a soft and shiny fiber harvested from silkworm cocoons.
Spandex Vegan Spandex is an extremely stretch synthetic fiber used in the manufacture of elastic clothing.

Full Article - Is Spandex Vegan?

Sponge Cloth Depends Sponge cloth is a porous fabric usually made in a loose honeycomb weave.
Stammel Not Vegan Stammel is a course woolen fabric historically used for the undershirts of penitents.
Suede Leather Not Vegan Suede leather is a type of leather with a napped finished. Uses the underside of the skin of the animal, normally lamb, but can be deer, goat, pig, or calf.

Full Article - Is Suede Vegan?

Swan's-down Depends Swan's-down could refer to either the soft down feathers of a swan OR a thick soft fabric, often wool (could be cotton, rayon), used in baby clothes.
Taffeta Depends Taffeta is a smooth plain woven fabric made from either silk or synthetic fibers. Primarily used for evening wear.
Tammy Not Vegan Tammy is a plain-woven fabric of wool or a wool/cotton blend used for linings. Often glazed.
Tapa (or Tappa) Vegan Tapa is a paper-like cloth made in the South Pacific by pounding tapa bark.
Tapestry (or Tapis) It Depends Tapa is a paper-like cloth made in the South Pacific by pounding tapa bark.
Fabric Vegan or Not? Description More Info
Tencel Vegan Tencel is a brand of lyocel and modal rayon fibers produced by Lenzing. It is a semi-synthetic fabric made from the natural cellulose found in wood pulp.

Full Article - Is Tencel Vegan?

Thinsulate Vegan Thinsulate is a brand of synthetic themally-insulating fiber used in clothing.
Toweling Depends Toweling refers to any fabric used to make towels. Usually linen or cotton.
Tweed Not Vegan Tweed is a rough wool patterned fabric assocatied with Scotland and Ireland.
Ultrasuede Vegan Ultrasuede is a synthetic microfiber used as a substitute for suede leather.
Velcro Vegan Velcro is a fastener for clothes consisting of two connecting sides, one with stiff hooks, the other softer loops. Both sides are made from nylon.
Velour Vegan Velour is a plush fabric made from cotton or polyester that resembles velvet. It can be produced cheaper than velvet and is vegan.

Full Article - Is Velour Vegan?

Velvet Depends Velvet is a silk fabric with a dense pile. Traditionally, made from silk, but it can be made from a wide range of materials, including nylon, rayon, linen, and wool.

Full Article - Is Velvet Vegan?

Velveteen Vegan Velveteen is a cotton fabric with a dense pile made to resemble velvet.
Vicuna Not Vegan Vicuna is the wool from the vicuña's (a South American relative member of the camel family) undercoat.
Fabric Vegan or Not? Description More Info
Vinyl (or PVC) Vegan Vinyl, or PVC, is a plastic.

Full Article - Is Vinyl Vegan?

Viscose Vegan Viscose is a type of rayon made using the viscose process. It is made from tree and bamboo cellulose and commonly used in fashion.
Viyella Not Vegan Viyella is a fabric made from a cotton and wool blend in a twill weave.
Voile Vegan Voile is a sheer fabric, usually made of either 100% cotton or cotton blended with linen or polyester. Used in curtain making.
Vulcanized Fiber Vegan Vulcanized fiber is a tough laminated plastic made from cellulose.
Whipcord Depends Whipcord is an extremely strong worsted fabric with a twill weave. Can be made from heavy cotton, worsted wool, or synthetics
Wincey Not Vegan Wincey fabric can be plain or twilled, and is made with a wool weft and a cotton warp (sometimes linen is substituted for cotton).
Wool Not Vegan Wool is a natural fiber obtained from sheep, goats, rabbits, and other animals.
Worsted Wool Not Vegan Worsted wool is a high-quality type of wool. Stronger and smoother than wool, worsted is often used in suit-making.